To Have and Have Not (Hawks, 1944): USA

To Have and Have Not, viewed by Larry Gleeson, during the 2018 TCM Classic Film Festival at the historic Egyptian Theatre in Hollywood, California.

While the rest of the TCM Classic Film Festival was up Hollywood Boulevard at the historic Chinese Theatre for the Opening Night Gala or at the Chinese Mann Theatres, a demographically, well-represented audience experienced an extraordinary film emanated from a bet between legendary Hollywood director, Howard Hawks and one of my favorite literary heroes, Ernest Hemingway, a Nobel laureate. Prior to the screening, the audience was treated to a talk by film historian and film producer, Michael E. Uslan.

Uslan provided the audience with tidbits of information to stimulate and whetten the audience appetite for the main course. For instance, the film’s female lead, Lauren Bacall was nineteen years old and Humphrey Bogart, the film’s male lead was forty-five years old during the film’s production. A year later Bogart divorced his wife and married Bacall. They remained a couple until Bogart’s death in 1957.

Legend has Hawks gushing over Hemingway one night singing the writer’s praises until finally proclaiming he could make a good movie from Hemingway’s worst novel. Hemingway hemmed and hawed until finally giving Hawks To Have and Have Not. William Faulkner, a Nobel prize winning author himself, collaborated with Jules Furthman and is given/took credit for the screen adaptation of Hemingway’s novel. The film originally passed from Howard Hughes to Warner Bros where Hawks was able to bring the work to fruition.

The film follows the tried and true plot of Casablanca as the Vichy Government is harassing the populace while the Resistance is smuggling co-conspirators out of the country. The film is set in Martinque. The film’s opening mimics Casablanca with a somber non-diagetic beat and a map overlay the camera pushes in on to reveal the film’s setting. In juxtaposition, to the sobering non-diagetic pieces, Kansas City jazzman, Hoagy Carmichael leads an array of diagetic, upbeat, fun-spirited tunes on his piano. The costuming and production design are similar to Casablanca (excellent) while the lighting adds a bit more mystery with its use of shadows than Casablanca does.

Best by far, in my opinion, is the acting. Bogart and Bacall have an unspoken sexual tension that permates most, if not all of their scenes. The supporting cast of Walter Brennan, Delores Moran, Hoagy Carmichael, Sheldon Leonard and Marcel Dalio delivers with their spoken lines and physicalities that kept the audience rollicking when not mesmerized by Bogie and Bacall. Director of Photography Sid Hickox provided some nicely crafted frames, highlighting Bacall’s luminescent skin tone. Perc Westmore was credited with the film’s make-up.

One of the film’s lines is listed as a top 40 greatest film lines of all time by the American Film Institute. The sequence begins with Bacall delivering her line to Bogart’s character Steve, in the form of a rhetorical question. “You know how to Whistle don’t you Steve?…The second half brought the house down with claps, cheers and loud gaffaws.

To Have and Have Not is an exceptional film embodying this year’s TCM Classic Film Festival thematic logline: “Writing focuses visions, reflects our feelings and inspires great performances on both sides of the camera.” Highly recommended film!

Viewed the way it was meant to be seen.


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